Zeno Garban

Department of Biochemistry – Molecular Biology
Faculty of Food Products Technology
University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine of Banat
Timişoara, Romania
E-mail: zeno.garban@yahoo.com


1962 – engineer,  Faculty of Agronomy and Zootechny, University of Agricultural Sciences Timişoara
1973 – chemist, Faculty of Chemistry, University Babeş-Bolyai Cluj-Napoca
1982 – PhD in chemistry (speciality Biochemistry), Institute of Chemistry Cluj-Napoca of the University Babeş-Bolyai Cluj-Napoca

Scientific activity in biochemistry, molecular biology and nutrition is interdisciplinary, focusing on the domains biosciences – food science, respectively life sciences – food science. The scientific papers (over 330) and the published books (over 30, some of them reprinted) approached the complex problems of metallomics, proteomics and lipidomics. The interdisciplinary character has been put into evidence both in the published articles and in books and treatises.

The interdisciplinarity biosciences – food science reveals aspects refering to: a) metabolisation of nutrients with the connex approach of food supplements (integrated to  food biochemistry); b) biotransformation of xenobiotics, evidenced by publishing the first book of Xenobiochemistry in Romania; c) investigation of some aspects of teratology – starting from the interactions specific for biochemical pathology (patobiochemistry) to physio- and morphopathology (e.g. action of alcohol, metal ions, nitrogen mustard compounds, etc.) on the conceptuses in laboratory animals; d) molecular biology, predilectly oriented to the problems of general agrobiology and agro-food problems.

The interdisciplinarity life sciences – food science is evidenced in the investigation of: a) the adducts of deoxyribonucleic acid – DNA (with metal ions, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, micotoxins etc.); b) the study of the mechanism of heterogenous nucleation in urolithogenesis correlated with the hydroelectrolytic metabolism  and, evidently, the agro-food specificity; c) investigation in vitro and in vivo (on laboratory animals) of the interactions with cytostatic chemotherapics, following predilectly the adducts with DNA (e.g. DNA – cis-platinum, DNA-cyclophosphamide) – used in the domaine of „compared oncology” with therapeutic aspects of veterinary and human interest. In diverse Academic societies are Commissions / Compartments of Compared oncology attached to the Sections of Agricultural Sciences.

The activity  of scientific research was accomplished predilectly in university research departments and research institutes. Initially, the activity of scientific research began at the University of Agricultural Sciences Timişoara, Department of Compared Animal Physiology (1962). Subsequently, in laboratories with biomedical specificity (after 1974). More important studies have been initiated at the Laboratory of Embriology (Compartment of Biochemistry) from the Institute of Public Health Timişoara affiliated to the Academy of Medical Sciences. This laboratory had as domain of researchthe teratogene factors (food xenobiotics, cytostatic drugs etc.). Scientific activity was continued at the Department of Biochemistry-Molecular Biology of the Faculty of Food Products Technology, University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine of Banat Timişoara.

Postdoctoral courses and short experience exchanges:

• Institute of  Virulogy „St. S. Nicolau” Bucuresti – Laboratory of nucleic acids (1984)
Topics: nucleic acids – investigation methods (periodical training)
• FEBS (Federation of European Biochemical Societies) Course – Application of DNA Methods for the Diagnosis of Diseases,  University Patras-Grecia (May 1991). Application of DNA methods for the diagnosis of diseases  (14 days course)
Topics: Investigation methods for DNA
• Institute of Biotechnology Szeged-Hungary (march 1994) – study visit
Topics : molecular biology, food biotechnologies
• University Friedrich-Schiller Jena-Germany – Institute fur Ernahrung und Umwelt – Bereich Lebensmittel- und Umwelttoxikologie (November-December 1995)
Topics : nutrition , metals in trophic chain, xenobiotics  (experience exchange)
• University of California Los Angeles (UCLA), Departament of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology – USA (august 1997)
Topics : molecular biology, DNA sequencing (experience exchange)

Postgraduate training periods:

• Institute of Chemistry Cluj-Napoca (1973, 1975) – Physico-chemical and biochemical analytical methods (short periodical trainings)
• Institute of Oncology Cluj-Napoca (1974) – Cytostatics and IR spectra of  nucleobases from nucleic acids (experience exchange)

• Academy of Medical Sciences, Medical Center for urolithiasis research, Bucharest, Romania (1978) – Studies on urolithiasis (composition of uroconcrements)

Memberships, affiliations:

• Member of the Scientific Committee of Symposium on Analytical and Environmental Problems, Szeged, Hungary, 2008
Co-chairman of the organizing Committee of the International Symposia Series “Metal Elements in Environment, Medicine and Biology”, organized under the auspices of the Romanian Academy, Branch Timişoara-Romania, being at the VIIIth edition in 2008
• Member of national organizing committees of scientific meetings: Annual Session of the National Society of Cell Biology, organized in Timişoara –Romania (1988); National Symposium of Embriology, Timişoara-Romania (1980)
• Member of organizing committees or of coordinating sections of international scientific meetings (domain of Metallomics) in Romania and abroad (Jena, Vienna, Budapest, Novi Sad)
• Member in editorial boards of the journals Roumanian Biotechnological Letters Bucureşti (1995-2001), Acta Universitatis Cibiniensis seria F Chemia Sibiu (1995-present), Journal of Agroalimentary Processes and Technologies Timişoara (1998-present).

Member of some professional associations:

A. in Romania
• Romanian Society for Magnesium Research  – founding member (1999-present);
• Romanian Society of Analytical Chemistry (1993-present);
• Association of Scientists from Romania – titulary member (1992-present)
• Romanian Society of Biominerals (1991-1999);
• Romanian Society of Biochemistry – R.S.B. (1990-present) founding member and  elected  member of the National Leading Council  (1990-1997) ;
• National Society of Cell Biology (1985-present);
• Union of the Societies for Medical Sciences from Romania – Branch Timisoara : Section of Clinical Laboratory (1974-1991);  Section Prenatal  Pathology and Embryology  (1979-1991);

B. Abroad
• American Chemical Society (2008-present)
• Fondazzione Alessio Pezcoller – for Oncological Studies – Trento Italy (2000-present)
• New York Academy of Sciences (1997-present)
• European Cell Biology Organisation – E.C.B.O. (1993-present)
• European Placenta Group – E.P.G. (1991-present)